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Events of 1948
Date Event
Jan 04, 1948 Burma granted independence by Britain.
Jan 30, 1948 Gandhi assassinated in New Delhi by Hindu fanatic
Feb 04, 1948 Ceylon granted independence by Britain.
Apr 01, 1948 The Soviet Union begins its land blockade of the Allied sectors of Berlin, Germany. A counter blockade by the west was put into effect, as well as a British and U.S. airlift of supplies and food, until both blockades were lifted on September 30, 1949.
Apr 30, 1948 The Organization of American States was founded by twenty-one nations to provide a mutual security pact after World War II. Founding nations were Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the United States, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
May 14, 1948 Nation of Israel proclaimed; British end mandate at midnight; Arab armies attack
Jun 24, 1948 Berlin blockade begins
Jun 26, 1948 Allied airlift of Berlin begins
Jun 28, 1948 Stalin and Tito break
Jul 26, 1948 Executive Order 9981, ending segregation in the United States military in signed into effect by President Harry S. Truman.
Aug 15, 1948 Independent Republic of Korea is proclaimed, following election supervised by UN
Nov 02, 1948 President Harry S. Truman rallies from behind, capturing his first president election from the supposed winner Thomas E. Dewey, the governor of New York. Headlines in national newspapers had overtly announced a Dewey victory, only to be proven wrong. Truman won the Electoral College vote with 303 to Dewey's 189, with Strom Thurmond, running as the States' Rights candidate, receiving 39 Electoral votes. Truman won the election with less than 50% of the popular votes, with additional candidate, Henry Wallace, siphoning off over one million votes in the four man race.
Nov 12, 1948 Verdict in Japanese war trial: 18 imprisoned
Dec 15, 1948 Alger Hiss, former State Department official, is indicted for perjury in connection to denials of passing state secrets to a communist spy ring. He would be convicted of the conspiracy on January 21, 1950 and receive a five year sentence.
Dec 23, 1948 Tojo and six others hanged
Dec 27, 1948 United States of Indonesia established as Dutch and Indonesians settle conflict
, 1948 Truman ends racial segregation in military
, 1948 Alfred Kinsey publishes Sexual Behavior in the American Male.
, 1948 Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire wins Pulitzer.
, 1948 Communists seize power in Czechoslovakia

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